History of Persian and Oriental Rugs

By Kasra Rahimi

April 30, 2019

Rug weaving is one of the most ancient crafts in the world. Hand-knotted Persian and oriental rugs have been around for centuries, with designs being passed down from generation to generation, being shared by cultures around the world. The first rugs were likely very simple and used primarily to help against the cold. Over time, these textiles transformed from floor and wall coverings to works of art.

(The Altai Rug, also known as Pazyryk, found during excavations in South Siberia 1947-1949, dates back to fifth century B.C.)

It’s not exactly clear where and when these rugs first appeared but it is widely believed that Nomad tribesmen in central Asia may have been among the first weavers. Over the years, these works of art made their way into the palaces of Kings and homes of the wealthy.

Today, fine Persian and oriental rugs can be found in homes and museums around the world. In addition to their quality, these works of art are renowned for their rich designs, colours and imagination. Hand-knotted Persian and oriental rugs are most commonly classified by their place of origin. Another method of classifying them is by design. Some of the most popular design types include: floral, geometric, medallion and hunting.

To learn more about some of the most common Persian rugs, read our post Popular Persian Rugs.

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